by Beau Dure @duresport - Soccer America 1.19.21

Check any soccer clubs website or some of the presentations at the United Soccer Coaches convention, and youll see a nifty pathway graphic.

At the bottom, youll see recreational programs for young players. Then everything narrows as you move upward, through vague words like select, academy and elite. Near the top, you may or may not see college. You may or may not see a pro team the club runs or simply a non-specific pro tier. At the more grandiose clubs, youll see national team.

This pathway is the wrong shape.

Lets say you have 400 U-8 rec players (boys and girls combined) in a given birth year. Then lets say you send one of those 400 to the national team.

Where did the other 399 go? Are they still involved with your club? Are they still involved with the sport? Wed all certainly hope so.

The typical pyramid pathway isnt even an accurate depiction of the U-8-to-pro pathway. A club that has 400 U-8 rec players likely has only 80-100 travel players at U-9, so the graphic should immediately shrink by 75% from one rung to the next. Then the numbers slowly drop through each age group until maybe 36 -- an 18-player boys team and an 18-player girls team -- finish out their travel soccer careers with the U-19s.

Clubs also tend to omit high school soccer from their pathway graphics. Thats a mistake. You may have a couple of families thinking of a potential pro career and a handful of families thinking of landing on a college team. You also have dozens of families each year -- some in your recreational league, many in your mid-level travel teams, even a few on your top-level team -- who are just hoping to get through high school tryouts.

So instead of a pyramid, wed ideally have a square, with 400 players at age 8 and 400 people involved with the sport at age 19. At least, wed hope for a trapezoid, with the top only slightly smaller than the bottom.

Or, given the fact that adults will have many more ways to engage with soccer than 4-year-olds do, maybe we should be looking at a baobab, the upside-down tree with many branches from which Disneys Animal Kingdom derives its tree of life. Or, if you prefer soccer tactics references to nature, call it an inverted pyramid.

So lets consider what pathways (branches) would be on the square or baobab model. In this hypothetical, were talking about a mid-sized club that plays boys and girls ECNL and occasionally send a player to the pros.

Level 1 (bottom): Preschool programs.
Level 2 (U-6 through U-8): Recreational programs, including TOPSoccer.
Level 3 (U-9 through U-12): 25% travel, 70% recreational, 5% TOPSoccer
Level 4 (U-13 through U-14): The ECNL pathway branches off. The other pathways start to mix. Some players go from travel to rec and vice versa. Some players leave TOPSoccer for general rec.
Level 5 (U-15 through U-19): More tangled branches. Travel and rec also connect to high school. Also, a branch turns up for referee.
Level 6 (early adult): The smallest branch is pro. Top-level travel and other travel go to college varsity. Many branches connect to college club / intramural, as well as adult leagues.
Top level: A thin branch for national team parallel to pro. Then we have player, referee, coach and parent. Maybe not journalist. And they all feed into supporter.

This graphic is for parents, first and foremost. But everyone within the club -- every coach, every employee -- should see it as well. It will resonate more deeply than the typical mission statement.




Because your club shouldnt be focused to the very top of a pyramid that applies only to a handful of people. Your club should be focused on an experience that keeps everyone involved in the sport.

And parents and players should know that before they sign up.